Exotic Tests (121)
An accession fee of $7.00 is applied to each accession/case, not each specimen. Turnaround times are estimates in business days and apply to individual tests. Actual reporting of test results depends on the full battery of tests requested, day of the week/time of day samples arrive at the testing laboratory, and the quantity/quality of samples submitted. Information on additional services and fees can be found here.
The tests and fee schedules are provided for use by TVMDL clients, including veterinarians and animal owners. Fees charged to animal owners by veterinarians may exceed test prices shown herein, reflecting the time, expertise, and expense necessary to collect the sample, ship it in an appropriate manner, interpret results, and provide treatment advice.
|Necropsy – Avian, Reptiles & Amphibians||
Post-mortem examination and dissection of a whole animal to harvest tissues and determine a cause of death. Avian species such as love birds, cockatiels, etc. are included in this test. For poultry species (chickens, ducks, turkeys, quail, geese, guinea, etc.), please request “Necropsy-Poultry”.
Specimen: Fresh carcass
|Amphibian, Avian, Exotic, Reptile||$100.00||Details|
|Microfilarial Detection & Identification (Modified Knott’s Test)||
Detection and identification of microfiliaria by manual microscopy.
Specimen: 2 mL EDTA whole blood
|Canine, Exotic, Feline||$16.00||Details|
|Bilirubin – Direct||
Measurement of direct bilirubin by automated analyzer.
0.5 mL serum or lithium heparin plasma
|Iron – Serum||
Measurement of iron in serum by automated analyzer.
0.5 mL serum
|Mycoplasma spp. (PCR)||
Detection of Mycoplasma species by PCR.
One or more of the following: 1 g fresh tissue, 0.5-2 mL joint fluid, swab.
|Amphibian, Avian, Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Rodent||$35.00||Details|
Automated count of platelets; confirmed with manual count where indicated.
Specimen: 0.5 mL EDTA whole blood or lithium heparin whole blood
|Bovine, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Rodent||$9.00||Details|
General evaluation of samples for virus particles using transmission electron microscopy (TEM).
Specimen: One or more of the following: 2-5 g intestine, 2-5 mL intestinal content, 5 g feces, other fresh samples as deemed appropriate by submitter and/or professional staff.
|Urolith Composition (FTIR)||
Determination of the chemical composition of uroliths by fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy.
Specimen: Clean, dry uroliths
|Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine||$28.00||Details|
Identification of fungal organisms by PCR and sequencing. This PCR is recommended to complement identification of fungal organisms on histopathology. The assay is not recommended when fungal organisms are not observed histologically, due to the potential of amplification of non specific contaminants.
One paraffin block and two unstained slides
Cytologic evaluation of digital images. Learn more about TVMDL’s digital cytology service, then download the submission form.
2-10 digital images (cytology and gross lesion images, if applicable) saved as JPEG or PNG files.
|Amphibian, Avian, Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Rodent||$65.00||Details|
|Cytology – Bone Marrow||
Cytologic evaluation of bone marrow aspirates and microscopic evaluation by a clinical pathologist.
Specimen: All of the following: bone marrow in EDTA, 1 mL peripheral blood in EDTA, air-dried slides. Submission of a fresh peripheral blood smear is also recommended.
|Pesticide Quantitation (GC/MS)||
Follow up test to TVMDL’s Pesticide Screen; Pesticide Quantitation measures pesticides previously identified by Pesticide Screen test. Measurement is performed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
One or more of the following: 30 g GI content, 10 g bait (source material), 40 g forage or hay, 20 g liver, 10 g crop contents, environmental samples (swabs).
Identification of bacterial pathogens that cause septicemia by culture.
Blood inoculated into blood culture media.
|Parasite & Ova Count (McMasters)||
Quantitative fecal egg count ideal for equids, small ruminants, camelids, cervids, ovine, and young bovids.
3-5 g feces
|Bovine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Ovine||$14.00||Details|
|Ionized Calcium [Referral]||
Measurement of ionized calcium, the biologically active form.
Specimen: 0.5 mL fasting serum
|Amphibian, Aquatic, Avian, Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Reptile||$11.00||Details|
|Cryptosporidium sp. (rtPCR)||
Detection of Cryptosporidium sp. by real time PCR.
One or more of the following: 1 g feces, 1 mL intestinal content, 1-2 g fresh intestine.
|Amphibian, Avian, Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Reptile||$30.00||Details|
|Special Stain – Client Request||
Special slide stain as requested by the client.
Specimen: fresh or fixed tissue
|Malignant Catarrhal Fever (rtPCR)||
Detection of malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) by real-time PCR. This test can distinguish between the ovine, ibex, white tail deer, caprine and alcelaphine herpesvirus-1 strains of MCF.
1 g fresh tissue (lymph node, liver, spleen, kidney, lung) and/or 1-2 mL EDTA whole blood.
|Bovine, Caprine, Cervid, Exotic, Ovine||$30.00||Details|
|Packed Cell Volume||
Measurement of packed cell volume (PCV).
Specimen: 0.5 mL EDTA whole blood or lithium heparin whole blood
|Parasite & Ova Identification (Fecal Sedimentation)||
Detection of fluke eggs in feces by fecal sedimentation.
Specimen: 3-5 g feces
|Brucella spp. (Culture)||
Detection of Brucella spp. by culture.
Specimen: One or more of the following: fresh fetus, placenta, testicle, swab.
|Bovine, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Ovine, Porcine||$12.00||Details|
|Salmonella spp. (Culture)||
Detection of Salmonella spp. by culture.
Specimen: One or more of the following: fresh tissue, feces, feed, drag swabs, other environmental specimen.
|Amphibian, Avian, Bovine, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Non Animal, Ovine, Porcine, Rodent||$15.00||Details|
|Drug Quantitation (LC/MS)||
Measurement of drugs in samples that have been determined to be positive by other TVMDL tests. Measurement performed by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS).
One or more of the following: 5 mL serum, 10 mL urine, 50 g liver or GI content, medication, livestock feed, pet food.
|Cytology – Aspirate/Smear||
Cytologic evaluation of aspirates and/or impression smears and microscopic evaluation by a clinical pathologist.
Specimen: Air-dried slide
|Microbial Identification Extended (Culture)||
Culture beyond standard methods when necessary to obtain a microbial identification for fungal or bacterial isolates.