Avian Tests (131)
An accession fee of $7.00 is applied to each accession/case, not each specimen. Turnaround times are estimates in business days and apply to individual tests. Actual reporting of test results depends on the full battery of tests requested, day of the week/time of day samples arrive at the testing laboratory, and the quantity/quality of samples submitted. Information on additional services and fees can be found here.
The tests and fee schedules are provided for use by TVMDL clients, including veterinarians and animal owners. Fees charged to animal owners by veterinarians may exceed test prices shown herein, reflecting the time, expertise, and expense necessary to collect the sample, ship it in an appropriate manner, interpret results, and provide treatment advice.
|Necropsy – Avian, Reptiles & Amphibians||
Post-mortem examination and dissection of a whole animal to harvest tissues and determine a cause of death. Avian species such as love birds, cockatiels, etc. are included in this test. For poultry species (chickens, ducks, turkeys, quail, geese, guinea, etc.), please request “Necropsy-Poultry”.
Specimen: Fresh carcass
|Amphibian, Avian, Exotic, Reptile||$100.00||Details|
|Parasite Identification (Gross Identification)||
Identification of gross specimen(s).
Whole parasite (helminth or arthropod)
General evaluation of samples for virus particles using transmission electron microscopy (TEM).
Specimen: One or more of the following: 2-5 g intestine, 2-5 mL intestinal content, 5 g feces, other fresh samples as deemed appropriate by submitter and/or professional staff.
|Mycoplasma gallisepticum (ELISA)||
Detection of antibodies to mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) by ELISA.
0.5 mL serum
|Clostridium colinum (rtPCR)||
Detection of Clostridium colinum, one of the causative agents of ulcerative enteritis in avian species, by real time PCR.
One of the following: feces, intestinal contents, liver, fresh tissue with suspect lesions.
Cytologic evaluation of digital images. Learn more about TVMDL’s digital cytology service, then download the submission form.
2-10 digital images (cytology and gross lesion images, if applicable) saved as JPEG or PNG files.
|Amphibian, Avian, Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Rodent||$65.00||Details|
Identification of fungal organisms by PCR and sequencing. This PCR is recommended to complement identification of fungal organisms on histopathology. The assay is not recommended when fungal organisms are not observed histologically, due to the potential of amplification of non specific contaminants.
One paraffin block and two unstained slides
|Drug Screen – Performance Animals (LC/MS)||
Detection of prohibited substances and permissible therapeutic drugs in livestock show or competition mammalian and avian species using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. Quantitation of a positive sample is available for an additional fee. This test is not available for horses intended for racing, whether in training or competition.
Specimen: One or more of the following: 20 mL urine, 5 g feces, 10 mL serum.
|Avian, Bovine, Camelid, Caprine, Equine, Exotic, Ovine, Porcine||$70.00||Details|
|Bacterial Identification (Gram Stain)||
Classification of bacterial organism based on Gram stain characteristic.
Specimen: One of the following: fresh tissue, aspirate, exudate, impression smears.
|Cytology – Bone Marrow||
Cytologic evaluation of bone marrow aspirates and microscopic evaluation by a clinical pathologist.
Specimen: All of the following: bone marrow in EDTA, 1 mL peripheral blood in EDTA, air-dried slides. Submission of a fresh peripheral blood smear is also recommended.
Identification of bacterial pathogens that cause septicemia by culture.
Blood inoculated into blood culture media.
|Histopathology Slide Review||
Review of previously read histopathology slides.
Specimen: Paraffin embedded blocks or H&E slides previously prepared at TVMDL.
|Avian Paramyxovirus Type 1 Matrix (rtPCR)||
Detection of avian paramyxovirus type 1 by real time PCR.
One or more of the following: tracheal swab, oropharyngeal swab, cloacal swab, 1-2 mL tracheal wash, 1 g fresh trachea.
|Parasite & Ova Identification (Fecal Flotation)||
Identification of parasite eggs, cysts, and oocysts by fecal flotation.
Specimen: 3-5 g feces
|Avian Influenza Virus – Serum (AGID)||
Detection of antibodies to avian influenza virus in serum by AGID.
Specimen: 0.5 mL serum
|Mycoplasma synoviae (HI)||
Detection of antibodies to Mycoplasma synoviae (MS) by hemagglutination inhibition.
0.5 mL serum
|Bilirubin – Direct||
Measurement of direct bilirubin by automated analyzer.
Specimen: 0.5 mL serum or lithium heparin plasma
Detection of antibodies to reovirus by ELISA.
Specimen: 0.5 mL serum
|Salmonella Serogrouping (Agglutination)||
Identification of a particular Salmonella serogroup from a pure isolate by agglutination.
Specimen: Salmonella isolate
|Packed Cell Volume||
Measurement of packed cell volume (PCV).
Specimen: 0.5 mL EDTA whole blood or lithium heparin whole blood
|Cholinesterase (Kinetic pH/Kinetic Colorimetric)||
Measurement of cholinesterase activity. Presence of cholinesterase can be an indicator of organophosphate or carbamate insecticide exposure.
Specimen: One or more of the following: entire brain, 5 mL EDTA whole blood for ruminants and avian species, 2 mL serum for monogastrics.
|Avian, Bovine, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Feline, Ovine, Porcine||$30.00||Details|
|Mycoplasma gallisepticum & synoviae Multiplex (rtPCR)||
Detection of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae by real time PCR.
1 g fresh respiratory tissue and/or tracheal or choanal cleft (oral) swab
|Infectious Laryngotracheitis Virus (rtPCR)||
Detection of infectious laryngotracheitis virus by real time PCR.
One or more of the following: 1-2 mL cultured virus, tracheal or cloacal swab, 1 g fresh trachea or lung, 1-2 mL tracheal wash.
|Antibiotic Susceptibility – Poultry (Kirby-Bauer)||
Determination of the antibiotic susceptibility of pure isolates from poultry by disk diffusion.
Specimen: Pure bacterial isolate
|Virus Isolation (Egg Inoculation)||
General procedure utilized for the isolation and identification of viruses.
One or more of the following: 1-5 fresh tissue, swabs from affected area(s), other samples as deemed appropriate by submitter and/or professional staff.