Caprine Tests (206)
An accession fee of $7.00 is applied to each accession/case, not each specimen. An accession is defined as samples from the same animal / herd / flock, originating from a single animal owner, submitted for the same condition, collected at the same time. This allows clients to receive bulk testing of same species (from the same owner) under one accession. Poultry submissions requesting multiples tests (e.g., AI, Mg/Ms, culture, etc.) for a single flock are counted as one accession.
Turnaround times are estimates in business days and apply to individual tests. Actual reporting of test results depends on the full battery of tests requested, day of the week/time of day samples arrive at the testing laboratory, and the quantity/quality of samples submitted. Information on additional services and fees can be found here.
The tests and fee schedules are provided for use by TVMDL clients, including veterinarians and animal owners. Fees charged to animal owners by veterinarians may exceed test prices shown herein, reflecting the time, expertise, and expense necessary to collect the sample, ship it in an appropriate manner, interpret results, and provide treatment advice.
Detection of phosphine gas in GI content.
Specimen: 500 g frozen GI content
|Bovine, Canine, Caprine, Equine, Feline, Ovine, Porcine||$35.00||Details|
Automated count of platelets; confirmed with manual count where indicated.
Specimen: 0.5 mL EDTA whole blood or lithium heparin whole blood
|Bovine, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Rodent||$9.00||Details|
|Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus (Cell Culture)||
Isolation and identification of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHD) using cell culture methods.
One or more of the following: 5-10 mL EDTA or heparin whole blood, 0.5-1 mL semen, 2 g spleen, 2-5 g fresh tissues as deemed appropriate by submitter and/or professional staff.
|Bovine, Caprine, Cervid||$35.00||Details|
|Bone Marrow Fat [Referral]||
Measurement of the percent bone marrow fat to assess the nutritional status of an individual animal. Recommended for diagnosis of malnutrition / starvation.
Femur bone is preferred. 1 g marrow is required.
|Toxoplasma gondii (MAT) [Referral]||
Detection of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii, the causative agency of toxoplasmosis, using the modified agglutination test.
0.5 mL serum
|Avian, Bovine, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Rodent||$64.75||Details|
Measurement of thyroid hormone T4 (thyroxine) by chemiluminescence.
Specimen: 0.5 mL serum
|Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Equine, Feline, Ovine, Porcine||$14.00||Details|
|Bluetongue Virus Isolation (Egg Inoculation)||
Isolation of bluetongue virus (BTV) utilizing the intravenous (IV) inoculation of 10-12 day old chicken eggs.
Specimen: One or more of the following: 2-5 mL EDTA whole or heparin whole blood, 0.5-1 mL semen, 2-5 g spleen or other fresh tissues as deemed appropriate by submitter and/or professional staff.
|Bovine, Caprine, Cervid||$50.00||Details|
Detection of abnormal prion protein, the suspected causative agent of scrapie, in both retropharyngeal lymph node and obex via immunohistochemical staining.
Antemortem: biopsy of the eyelid or rectal wall in 10% neutral buffered formalin (NBF).Postmortem: retropharyngeal lymph nodes, obex, or entire brain in 10% neutral buffered formalin (NBF). The entire head is also accepted. Certification for export of semen or embryos: the whole body must be submitted for collection and testing of brain, brainstem, spinal cord, palatine tonsils, spleen, mesenteric and retropharyngeal lymph nodes, and distal ileum.
|Toxicology Evaluation (Microscopy)||
Identification of components and toxic substances, such as plants and plant parts, algae, insects, or bait material.
One or more of the following: 2 cups to 1 quart of GI content, 20 mL water, 500 g feed, 2-4 flakes hay, 10 g bait material.
|pH (pH Electrode)||
Measurement of pH levels in rumen.
500 g rumen content
|Bovine, Caprine, Cervid, Ovine||$20.00||Details|
Measurement of phosphorous in ocular fluid, serum, or urine by automated analyzer.
0.5 mL serum, lithium heparin plasma, ocular fluid, or urine
|Bacterial Identification (Gram Stain)||
Classification of bacterial organism based on Gram stain characteristic.
Specimen: One of the following: fresh tissue, aspirate, exudate, impression smears.
Detection of desmethylbromethalin, the toxic metabolite of bromethalin, by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry.
One or more of the following: 2-5 g fresh adipose tissue, kidney, brain, liver, bait.
Measurement of selenium by inductively-coupled plasma/mass spectrometry.
One or more of the following: 1 mL EDTA whole blood, 5 g fresh liver, 50 mg fresh liver biopsy (at least 3 Tru-Cut samples, no fluid added), 2 mL serum or plasma, 500 g feed.
For birds, 0.6 mL EDTA whole blood is adequate.
Blood, serum, and urine samples are tested on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays with a turnaround time of 5 days. Tissue and feed samples are tested on Mondays and Thursdays with a turnaround time of 7 days.
|Gross Tissue Examination||
Macroscopic evaluation of fresh or fixed specimens for lesions by a pathologist prior to histopathology processing.
Fresh tissue in 10% neutral buffered formalin (NBF)
|Virus Isolation (Cell Culture)||
Isolation and identification of various viruses using cell culture methods.
One or more of the following: 2-5 g fresh tissue, 0.5-1 mL semen, 5-10 mL EDTA or heparin whole blood, swabs from affected area(s), other samples as deemed appropriate by submitter and/or professional staff.
|Avian, Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine||$40.00||Details|
|E. coli Toxin Typing – Ruminant (rtPCR)||
Detection of E. coli toxin and virulence genes commonly associated with pathogenic strains of E. coli: F5/K99 fimbrial adhesins, STa enterotoxin, LT enterotoxin, cs31a adhesins, CNF1 and CNF2 cytotoxic necrotizing factors, Stx1and Stx2 Shiga like toxins, and eaeA intimin in E. coli isolates by real-time PCR (rtPCR).
Bacterial isolate of E. coli.
|Bovine, Camelid, Caprine, Cervid, Ovine||$45.00||Details|
|Cytology – Bone Marrow||
Cytologic evaluation of bone marrow aspirates and microscopic evaluation by a clinical pathologist.
All of the following: bone marrow in EDTA, 1 mL peripheral blood in EDTA, air-dried slides. Submission of a fresh peripheral blood smear is also recommended.
|Abortion Panel – Livestock Bacterial (Culture)||
Identification of common bacterial pathogens that cause abortion in livestock by culture. Targets include trichomonas, campylobacter, brucella, listeria and/or other bacteria as appropriate.
One or more of the following: fresh fetal tissue, fetal stomach content, fetal lung, placenta.
|Bovine, Caprine, Ovine, Porcine||$25.00||Details|
|Pregnancy Specific Binding Protein – Ruminants (ELISA)||
Measurement of pregnancy specific binding protein (PSBP) by ELISA. Results aid in confirmation of pregnancy in ruminants. This test is validated for cattle, small ruminants, bison, and buffalo. PSBP is produced after 28 days gestation in cattle, after 30 days of gestation in small ruminants, and after 40 days of gestation in buffalo/bison.
0.5 mL serum or plasma
|Bovine, Caprine, Ovine||$4.50||Details|
Measurement of sodium, potassium, and chloride by automated analyzer.
0.5 mL serum, lithium heparin plasma, ocular fluid, or urine.
|Leptospira Panel – 5 Serovars @ 1:400 Dilution (MAT)||
Detection of antibodies to 5 serovars of leptospira by quantitative microscopic agglutination test. Targets include pomona, ictero., canicola, grippo., and hardjo. Beginning screen is 1:400. Individual serovars are also available at $7.00 per serovar.
Specimen: 1 mL serum
Measurement of alkaline phosphatase (ALKP) activity by automated analyzer.
0.5 mL serum or lithium heparin plasma
Measurement of total protein by automated analyzer.
Specimen: 0.5 mL serum or lithium heparin plasma
|Bovine, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Feline, Ovine, Porcine||$8.00||Details|
|Cryptosporidium (Acid Fast Stain)||
Detection of cryptosporidium oocysts by acid fast stain.
Feces or air-dried fecal smear