Camelid Tests (85)
An accession fee of $7.00 is applied to each accession/case, not each specimen. An accession is defined as samples from the same animal / herd / flock, originating from a single animal owner, submitted for the same condition, collected at the same time. This allows clients to receive bulk testing of same species (from the same owner) under one accession. Poultry submissions requesting multiples tests (e.g., AI, Mg/Ms, culture, etc.) for a single flock are counted as one accession.
Turnaround times are estimates in business days and apply to individual tests. Actual reporting of test results depends on the full battery of tests requested, day of the week/time of day samples arrive at the testing laboratory, and the quantity/quality of samples submitted. Information on additional services and fees can be found here.
The tests and fee schedules are provided for use by TVMDL clients, including veterinarians and animal owners. Fees charged to animal owners by veterinarians may exceed test prices shown herein, reflecting the time, expertise, and expense necessary to collect the sample, ship it in an appropriate manner, interpret results, and provide treatment advice.
|Methicillin-Resistant Staph Confirmation (Culture)||
Determination of methicillin-resistance on Staphylococcus isolates.
Pure Staphylococcus species isolate
Measurement of magnesium by automated analyzer.
0.5 mL serum, lithium heparin plasma, ocular fluid, or urine
Detection and quantitation of a variety of ionophore compounds by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. Targets include monensin, salinomycin, narasin and lasalocid.For feeds and feed additives, target compound and expected value are required before testing can begin.
500 g feed or GI content
|Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Non Animal, Ovine, Porcine||$125.00||Details|
|Ionized Calcium [Referral]||
Measurement of ionized calcium, the biologically active form.
0.5 mL fasting serum
|Amphibian, Aquatic, Avian, Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Reptile||$12.00||Details|
|Insulin Like Growth Factor 1 [Referral]||
Measurement of insulin like growth factor 1 hormone (IGF-1). Results are useful in the diagnosis of acromegaly (growth hormone excess) or dwarfism (growth hormone deficiency). Interpretation of results by a veterinary endocrinologist is included.
0.5 mL serum
|Avian, Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Feline, Ovine, Porcine||$68.00||Details|
|Insulin & Glucose – Fasting 12 Hour [Referral]||
Measurement of insulin and glucose from a fasting sample. This test is used for a diagnosis of insulinoma in dogs, cats, and ferrets and an indicator of metabolic syndrome in horses. Also used to document insulin resistance, especially in horses suspected of pituitary adenoma.
1 mL serum
|Avian, Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Feline, Ovine, Porcine||$22.00||Details|
|Immunoglobulin G (TIA) [Referral]||
Quantification of immunoglobulin G (IgG) using the turbidometric immunoassay (TIA).
Specimen: 0.5 mL serum
|Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Equine||$31.00||Details|
Detection of a variety of herbicides by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Quantitation of a positive sample is available for an additional fee.
One or more of the following: 30 g GI contents, 10 g bait (source material), 40 g forage or hay, 20 g liver, 10 g crop content.
|Avian, Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Feline, Non Animal, Ovine, Porcine||$155.00||Details|
|Hemoparasite Examination (Wright-Giemsa Stain)||
Microscopic examination of Wright’s Giemsa stained blood smear for infectious agents only.
0.5 mL EDTA whole blood or air-dried slide
Measurement of gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) by automated analyzer.
0.5 mL serum or lithium heparin plasma
|Fungal Identification (Culture)||
Identification of a wide variety of fungal pathogens by culture.
One or more of the following: fresh tissue, urine, dray swabs, feces, hair.
|Amphibian, Avian, Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Rodent||$20.00||Details|
Measurement of folate by chemiluminescence.
Specimen: 0.5 mL serum from a fasted sample
|Camelid, Canine, Feline||$25.00||Details|
|Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus Serotyping (rtPCR)||
Differentiation between common serotypes of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (serotypes 1, 2, and 6) by real time PCR.
Previously extracted nucleic acid
|Bovine, Camelid, Cervid||$40.00||Details|
|Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus (rtPCR)||
Detection of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) by real time PCR.
One or more of the following: 1-2 mL semen, 1-2 mL EDTA whole blood, 1 g fresh spleen.
|Bovine, Camelid, Cervid||$30.00||Details|
|Electrolyte & Macromineral Profile||
Measurement of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, and chloride in ruminants by automated analyzer.
Specimen: 0.5 mL serum or lithium heparin plasma
|Bovine, Camelid, Caprine, Cervid, Ovine||$10.00||Details|
|E. coli Toxin Typing – Ruminant (rtPCR)||
Detection of E. coli toxin and virulence genes commonly associated with pathogenic strains of E. coli: F5/K99 fimbrial adhesins, STa enterotoxin, LT enterotoxin, cs31a adhesins, CNF1 and CNF2 cytotoxic necrotizing factors, Stx1and Stx2 Shiga like toxins, and eaeA intimin in E. coli isolates by real-time PCR (rtPCR).
Bacterial isolate of E. coli.
|Bovine, Camelid, Caprine, Cervid, Ovine||$45.00||Details|
|Drug Screen – Unknowns (LC/MS)||
Detection of a variety of drugs in submitted samples. This screen is designed to detect drugs not indicated in other TVMDL Drug Screens. This test does not include detection of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), salicylic acid, or salicylates. For these drugs, please also request Drug Screen – NSAIDs (1029).
One or more of the following: 5 mL serum, 10 mL urine, 10 g liver or stomach content, medication, livestock feed, pet food.
|Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Equine, Feline, Non Animal, Ovine, Porcine||$90.00||Details|
|Drug Screen – Performance Animals (LC/MS)||
Detection of prohibited substances and permissible therapeutic drugs in livestock show or competition mammalian and avian species using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. Quantitation of a positive sample is available for an additional fee. This test is not available for horses intended for racing, whether in training or competition.
Specimen: One or more of the following: 20 mL urine, 5 g feces, 10 mL serum.
|Avian, Bovine, Camelid, Caprine, Equine, Exotic, Ovine, Porcine||$70.00||Details|
|Drug Screen – Drugs of Abuse (LC/MS)||
Detection of amphetamines, benzodiazepines, promazines, barbiturates, opiates, marijuana, and other drug types by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. Test Description: Targets include: amphetamine, methamphetamine, MDMA, MDA, bromazepam, demoxepam, diazepam, etizolam, flunitrazepam, lorazepam, midazolam, nordazepam, prazepam, temazepam, acepromazine, 2-(1-hydroxyethyl) promazine sulfoxide (2-HEPS), chlorpromazine, propionylpromazine, promethazine, allobarbital, aprobarbital, phenobarbital, pentobarbital, secobarbital, alfentanil, buprenorphine, butorphanol, codeine, fentanyl, heroin, hydrocodone, levorphanol, […]
5 mL serum or 10 mL urine
|Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Equine, Feline, Ovine, Porcine||$150.00||Details|
|Dermatophilus sp. (Stain)||
Detection of Dermatophilus congolensis, the causative agent of dermatophilus, by Giemsa stain.
Specimen: One or more of the following: tissue, aspirates, exudates, impression smears.
|Bovine, Camelid, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Ovine, Porcine||$8.00||Details|
Histologic evaluation of skin biopsy specimens.
Specimen in 10% neutral buffered formalin (NBF)
|Camelid, Canine, Equine, Feline||$98.00||Details|
Cytologic evaluation of digital images. Learn more about TVMDL’s digital cytology service, then download the submission form.
2-10 digital images (cytology and gross lesion images, if applicable) saved as JPEG or PNG files.
|Amphibian, Avian, Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Rodent||$65.00||Details|
|Cytology – Body Fluid||
Cytologic evaluation of body fluid samples. Includes gross examination, total protein concentration, cell counts (where indicated and with EDTA and non-flocculent samples), preparation of direct, concentrated and cytocentrifuge slides (where indicated), and microscopic evaluation by a clinical pathologist.
1.0 mL body fluid and air-dried slides
|Cytology – Aspirate/Smear||
Cytologic evaluation of aspirates and/or impression smears and microscopic evaluation by a clinical pathologist.
|Cytology – Bone Marrow||
Cytologic evaluation of bone marrow aspirates and microscopic evaluation by a clinical pathologist.
All of the following: bone marrow in EDTA, 1 mL peripheral blood in EDTA, air-dried slides. Submission of a fresh peripheral blood smear is also recommended.