Bovine Tests (262)
An accession fee of $7.00 is applied to each accession/case, not each specimen. An accession is defined as samples from the same animal / herd / flock, originating from a single animal owner, submitted for the same condition, collected at the same time. This allows clients to receive bulk testing of same species (from the same owner) under one accession. Poultry submissions requesting multiples tests (e.g., AI, Mg/Ms, culture, etc.) for a single flock are counted as one accession.
Turnaround times are estimates in business days and apply to individual tests. Actual reporting of test results depends on the full battery of tests requested, day of the week/time of day samples arrive at the testing laboratory, and the quantity/quality of samples submitted. Information on additional services and fees can be found here.
The tests and fee schedules are provided for use by TVMDL clients, including veterinarians and animal owners. Fees charged to animal owners by veterinarians may exceed test prices shown herein, reflecting the time, expertise, and expense necessary to collect the sample, ship it in an appropriate manner, interpret results, and provide treatment advice.
|Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus Type 1 (VN)||
Detection of antibodies to epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus type 1 (EHD-1) by virus neutralization.
Specimen: 0.25 mL serum
|Bovine, Caprine, Cervid||$15.00||Details|
Detection of cyanide by colorimetric analysis; also provides semi-quantitative cyanide levels in forages. Learn more about testing for cyanide and nitrate in forages in the online Education Library.
Specimen: One or more of the following: 8-15 stalks of fresh forage, baled hay core sample (single probe), frozen rumen contents, frozen tied off stomach (small animal).
|Bovine, Caprine, Cervid, Exotic, Non Animal, Ovine||$15.00||Details|
|Vitamin A (HPLC)||
Measurement of vitamin A by high-performance liquid chromatography.
10 g liver or 2 mL serum.
|Bovine, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Feline, Ovine, Porcine||$45.00||Details|
|Calf Diarrhea Multiplex (rtPCR)||
Detection of the most common viral and protozoal causes of diarrhea in calves 60 days of age and younger. Includes bovine coronavirus, bovine rotavirus A, and cryptosporidium, all by real time PCR.
One or more of the following: 5-10 g (approx. 1/4 cup) feces, 1-2 mL intestinal contents, 1-2 g gastrointestinal tissue.
|25-Hydroxyvitamin D [Referral]||
Identification of vitamin D toxicity or deficiency. This assay will detect metabolites of cholecalciferol (rat poisons, vitamin D supplements); it will not detect toxicity due to calcitriol (Rocaltrol) or calcipotriene (Dovonex – anti-psoriasis cream). Interpretation of results by a veterinary endocrinologist is included.
0.5 mL fasting serum
|Special Stain – Client Request||
Special slide stain as requested by the client.
Specimen: fresh or fixed tissue
|Parasite & Ova Count (Wisconsin)||
Quantitative fecal egg count ideal for adult bovids.
3-5 g feces
|Toxoplasma gondii (MAT) [Referral]||
Detection of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii, the causative agency of toxoplasmosis, using the modified agglutination test.
0.5 mL serum
|Avian, Bovine, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Rodent||$64.75||Details|
|Bluetongue Virus (AGID)||
Detection of antibodies to bluetongue virus by agar gel immunodiffusion.
1 mL serum
|Bovine, Caprine, Cervid, Ovine||$10.00||Details|
|Bacterial Identification (Anaerobic Culture)||
Identification of bacterial pathogens requiring an anaerobic environment by culture.
One or more of the following: fresh tissue, swabs, feces.
|Bluetongue Virus Isolation (Egg Inoculation)||
Isolation of bluetongue virus (BTV) utilizing the intravenous (IV) inoculation of 10-12 day old chicken eggs.
Specimen: One or more of the following: 2-5 mL EDTA whole or heparin whole blood, 0.5-1 mL semen, 2-5 g spleen or other fresh tissues as deemed appropriate by submitter and/or professional staff.
|Bovine, Caprine, Cervid||$50.00||Details|
Measurement of fibrinogen concentration by heat precipitation.
Specimen: 0.5 mL EDTA whole blood
|Bovine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Ovine, Porcine||$7.00||Details|
Gross examination, specific gravity, biochemical analysis with confirmatory testing, and microscopic analysis of urine sample to complete a full urinalysis.
3 mL urine
|Bovine, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Rodent||$18.00||Details|
|Necropsy – Food & Production Animals 200 lbs. and Under||
Post-mortem examination and dissection of a whole animal to harvest tissues and determine a cause of death.
|Bovine, Caprine, Ovine, Porcine||$100.00||Details|
Measurement of creatine kinase by automated analyzer.
0.5 mL serum or lithium heparin plasma
|Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus (rtPCR)||
Detection of bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) by real time PCR.
One or more of the following: nasopharyngeal swab, nasal swab, 1-2 mL transtracheal wash, 1-2 mL bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), 1 g fresh or frozen lung or trachea.
|Bacterial Identification (Gram Stain)||
Classification of bacterial organism based on Gram stain characteristic.
Specimen: One of the following: fresh tissue, aspirate, exudate, impression smears.
|Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus Type 2 (VN)||
Detection of antibodies to epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus type 2 (EHD-2) by virus neutralization.
Specimen: 0.25 mL serum
|Bovine, Caprine, Cervid||$15.00||Details|
|Drug Quantitation (LC/MS)||
Measurement of drugs in samples that have been determined to be positive by other TVMDL tests. Measurement performed by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS).
One or more of the following: 5 mL serum, 10 mL urine, 50 g liver or GI content, medication, livestock feed, pet food.
Measurement of zinc by inductively-coupled plasma/mass spectrometry.
One or more of the following: 1 mL serum or plasma, 5 g fresh liver, 50 mg fresh liver biopsy (at least 3 Tru-Cut samples, no fluid added), 500 g feed.
For birds, 0.3 mL serum or plasma is adequate.
Blood, serum, and urine samples are tested on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays with a turnaround time of 5 days. Tissue and feed samples are tested on Mondays and Thursdays with a turnaround time of 7 days.
|Campylobacter jejuni (rtPCR)||
Detection of Campylobacter jejuni by real time PCR.
One or more of the following: bacterial culture, 1 g fresh tissue (fetus, placenta, lung), 1-2 mL stomach contents, 1-2 mL preputial wash, 1-2 mL cervical swab, 1-2 mL uterine wash, 1-2 g feces.
|Bovine, Canine, Caprine, Ovine||$25.00||Details|
|Insulin & Glucose – Fasting 12 Hour [Referral]||
Measurement of insulin and glucose from a fasting sample. This test is used for a diagnosis of insulinoma in dogs, cats, and ferrets and an indicator of metabolic syndrome in horses. Also used to document insulin resistance, especially in horses suspected of pituitary adenoma.
1 mL serum
|Avian, Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Feline, Ovine, Porcine||$22.00||Details|
Detection of pentobarbital in submitted samples.
Specimen: 10 g liver or stomach content, medication, livestock feed, pet food.
|CBC – Livestock||
Measurement of WBC, RBC, HGB, HCT, MCV, MCH, MCHC, PLT, and fibrinogen by automated analyzer. Microscopic blood smear review for WBC differential, cellular morphology, and hemoparasites.
1 mL EDTA whole blood or lithium heparin whole blood and 1-2 air dried slides
|Bovine, Camelid, Caprine, Cervid, Ovine, Porcine||$15.00||Details|
|Abortion Panel – Bovine Serology Comprehensive||
Detection of antibodies to common pathogens that cause abortion in cattle. Panel includes Leptospira Panel – 5 Serovars (MAT), Neospora caninum (ELISA), Brucella abortus/suis (Card Agglutination), Bovine Herpesvirus Type 1 (VN), and Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus Types 1A, 1B and 2 (VN).
2 mL serum