Cervid Tests (161)
An accession fee of $7.00 is applied to each accession/case, not each specimen. Turnaround times are estimates in business days and apply to individual tests. Actual reporting of test results depends on the full battery of tests requested, day of the week/time of day samples arrive at the testing laboratory, and the quantity/quality of samples submitted. Information on additional services and fees can be found here.
The tests and fee schedules are provided for use by TVMDL clients, including veterinarians and animal owners. Fees charged to animal owners by veterinarians may exceed test prices shown herein, reflecting the time, expertise, and expense necessary to collect the sample, ship it in an appropriate manner, interpret results, and provide treatment advice.
|Histopathology Slide Review||
Review of previously read histopathology slides.
Specimen: Paraffin embedded blocks or H&E slides previously prepared at TVMDL.
Measurement of amylase activity by automated analyzer.
Specimen: 0.5 mL serum or lithium heparin plasma
|Amphibian, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Rodent||$8.00||Details|
|Bluetongue Virus Isolation (Egg Inoculation)||
Isolation of bluetongue virus (BTV) utilizing the intravenous (IV) inoculation of 10-12 day old chicken eggs.
Specimen: One or more of the following: 2-5 mL EDTA whole or heparin whole blood, 0.5-1 mL semen, 2-5 g spleen or other fresh tissues as deemed appropriate by submitter and/or professional staff.
|Bovine, Caprine, Cervid||$50.00||Details|
Gross examination, specific gravity, biochemical analysis with confirmatory testing, and microscopic analysis of urine sample to complete a full urinalysis.
3 mL urine
|Bovine, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Rodent||$18.00||Details|
|Antimicrobial Susceptibility – Food Animal (MIC)||
Determination of the antimicrobial susceptibility of pure isolates from food animals by minimum inhibitory concentration.
Pure bacterial isolate
|Bovine, Camelid, Caprine, Cervid, Ovine, Porcine||$18.50||Details|
Measurement of iron and total iron binding capacity by automated analyzer.
0.5 mL serum
|Bacterial Identification (Gram Stain)||
Classification of bacterial organism based on Gram stain characteristic.
Specimen: One of the following: fresh tissue, aspirate, exudate, impression smears.
|Heavy Metal Panel (ICP/MS)||
Measurement of heavy metals by inductively-coupled plasma/mass spectrometry. Targets for avian samples include lead, arsenic, cadmium, zinc, and thallium. Targets for mammalian species include lead, arsenic, cadmium, and thallium. If zinc testing is desired on mammalian species, please see Metal & Mineral Panel.
One or more of the following: 1 mL EDTA whole blood, 5 g fresh liver, 50 mg fresh liver biopsy (approx. 3 Tru-Cut samples), 500 g feed.
For birds, 0.6 mL EDTA or heparinized whole blood is adequate.
Turnaround time is 1-3 days for serum/blood samples; 2-5 days for tissue or feed samples.
|Parasite & Ova Count (McMasters)||
Quantitative fecal egg count ideal for equids, small ruminants, camelids, cervids, ovine, and young bovids.
3-5 g feces
|Bovine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Ovine||$14.00||Details|
|Salmonella Serotyping [Referral]||
Identification of a particular Salmonella serotype from a pure isolate by agglutination. When salmonella is detected via culture, the isolate is sent to the National Veterinary Services Laboratory (NVSL) for serotyping at no cost to the client.
Specimen: Salmonella isolate
|Avian, Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Rodent||$0.00||Details|
Measurement of avermectins, including abamectin, doramectin, eprinomectin, ivermectin, moxidectin and selamectin, by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry.
One or more of the following tissues: 20 g feces, source material, adipose (fat), brain, liver, or kidney.
|Avian, Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Cervid, Equine, Feline||$100.00||Details|
|Bluetongue Virus (AGID)||
Detection of antibodies to bluetongue virus by agar gel immunodiffusion.
1 mL serum
|Bovine, Caprine, Cervid, Ovine||$10.00||Details|
|Clostridium difficile Toxin A & B (ELISA)||
Detection of Clostridium difficile toxins A and B by ELISA.
2 g feces
|Bovine, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Feline, Ovine, Porcine||$35.00||Details|
|Urine Crystal Identification||
Microscopic identification of urinary crystals.
Specimen: 3 mL urine
|Bovine, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Rodent||$8.00||Details|
|Necropsy – Aborted Fetus or Fertile Egg||
Post-mortem examination and dissection of a whole fetus or egg to harvest tissues and determine a cause of death.
Fresh aborted fetus
Measurement of magnesium by automated analyzer.
0.5 mL serum, lithium heparin plasma, ocular fluid, or urine
|Cryptosporidium (Acid Fast Stain)||
Detection of cryptosporidium oocysts by acid fast stain.
Feces or air-dried fecal smear
|Iron – Feed or Tissue (ICP/MS)||
Measurement of iron in feed or tissue samples by inductively-coupled plasma/mass spectrometry.
One or more of the following: 5 g fresh liver, 50 mg fresh liver biopsy (at least 3 Tru-Cut samples, no fluid added), 500 g feed.
|Parasite & Ova Identification (Fecal Flotation)||
Identification of parasite eggs, cysts, and oocysts by fecal flotation with centrifugation.
3-5 g feces
|25-Hydroxyvitamin D [Referral]||
Identification of vitamin D toxicity or deficiency. This assay will detect metabolites of cholecalciferol (rat poisons, vitamin D supplements); it will not detect toxicity due to calcitriol (Rocaltrol) or calcipotriene (Dovonex – anti-psoriasis cream). Interpretation of results by a veterinary endocrinologist is included.
0.5 mL fasting serum
Identification of stage 3 larvae by genus.
5-10 g feces
|Bovine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Ovine||$50.00||Details|
|Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (AGID)||
Detection of antibodies to Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis, the causative agent of Johne’s disease, by agar gel immunodiffusion.
0.5 mL serum
|Bovine, Camelid, Caprine, Cervid||$15.00||Details|
|Coxiella burnetii (ELISA)||
Detection of antibodies to Coxiella burnetii, the causative agent of Q fever, by ELISA.
1 mL serum or plasma
|Bovine, Camelid, Caprine, Cervid, Ovine||$12.00||Details|
Visual examination of fresh or fixed retropharyngeal lymph node or head to identify suspect lesions. Special stains/culture are performed as deemed appropriate based on gross examination.
Specimen: Fresh or fixed retropharyngeal lymph nodes, or head
|Clostridium perfringens Typing (rtPCR)||
Typing of Clostridium perfringens isolates (A, B, C, D, or E) by identifying toxin genes (alpha, cpa; beta, cpb, epsilon, etx; iota, ia) as well as genes for beta 2 toxin (cpb2) and enterotoxin (cpe) by real time PCR.
|Bovine, Camelid, Caprine, Cervid, Ovine||$35.00||Details|