Bovine Tests (156)
An accession fee of $7.00 is applied to each accession/case, not each specimen. Turnaround times are estimates in business days and apply to individual tests. Actual reporting of test results depends on the full battery of tests requested, day of the week/time of day samples arrive at the testing laboratory, and the quantity/quality of samples submitted. Information on additional services and fees can be found here.
The tests and fee schedules are provided for use by TVMDL clients, including veterinarians and animal owners. Fees charged to animal owners by veterinarians may exceed test prices shown herein, reflecting the time, expertise, and expense necessary to collect the sample, ship it in an appropriate manner, interpret results, and provide treatment advice.
|E. coli Toxin Typing – Ruminant (rtPCR)||
Detection of E. coli toxin and virulence genes commonly associated with pathogenic strains of E. coli: F5/K99 fimbrial adhesins, STa enterotoxin, LT enterotoxin, cs31a adhesins, CNF1 and CNF2 cytotoxic necrotizing factors, Stx1and Stx2 Shiga like toxins, and eaeA intimin in E. coli isolates by real-time PCR (rtPCR).
Bacterial isolate of E. coli.
|Bovine, Camelid, Caprine, Cervid, Ovine||$45.00||Details|
|pH (pH Electrode)||
Measurement of pH levels in rumen.
Specimen: 500 g rumen content
|Bovine, Caprine, Cervid, Ovine||$9.00||Details|
Identification of bacterial pathogens that cause septicemia by culture.
Blood inoculated into blood culture media.
|Parasite Identification (Gross Identification)||
Identification of gross specimen(s).
Whole parasite (helminth or arthropod)
|Drug Screen – NSAIDs (LC/MS)||
Detection of NSAIDs by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. Standard targets include acetaminophen, carprofen, celecoxib, deracoxib, ethacrynic acid, etodolac, fenoprofen, firocoxib, flufenamic acid, flunixin, flurbiprofen, indomethacin, indoprofen, ketoprofen, ketorolac, mefenamic acid, naproxen, oxyphenbutazone, phenylbutazone, piroxicam, tenoxicam, tolfenamic acid, and tolmetin. Detection of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), salicylic acid, and salicylates is available for an additional fee (50% of […]
5 mL serum
|Bovine, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine||$70.00||Details|
|Histopathology – Postmortem 8 or Fewer Tissues||
Histologic evaluation of postmortem tissues. The price listed ($65.00) is for up to 8 tissues; for more than 8 tissues, the price is $80.00.
Specimen in 10% neutral buffered formalin (NBF)
|Salmonella Serotyping [Referral]||
Identification of a particular Salmonella serotype from a pure isolate by agglutination. When salmonella is detected via culture, the isolate is sent to the National Veterinary Services Laboratory (NVSL) for serotyping at no cost to the client.
Specimen: Salmonella isolate
|Avian, Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Rodent||$0.00||Details|
|Histopathology Slide Review||
Review of previously read histopathology slides.
Specimen: Paraffin embedded blocks or H&E slides previously prepared at TVMDL.
|Drug Screen – Drugs of Abuse (LC/MS)||
Detection of amphetamines, benzodiazepines, promazines, barbiturates, opiates, marijuana, and other drug types by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. Targets include: amphetamine, methamphetamine, MDMA, MDA, bromazepam, demoxepam, diazepam, etizolam, flunitrazepam, lorazepam, midazolam, nordazepam, prazepam, temazepam, acepromazine, 2-(1-hydroxyethyl) promazine sulfoxide (2-heps), chlorpromazine, propionylpromazine, promethazine, allobarbital, aprobarbital, phenobarbital, pentobarbital, secobarbital, alfentanil, buprenorphine, butorphanol, codeine, fentanyl, heroin, hydrocodone, levorphanol, morphine, oxymorphone, […]
Specimen: 5 mL serum or 10 mL urine
|Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Equine, Feline, Ovine, Porcine||$150.00||Details|
|Pesticide Quantitation (GC/MS)||
Follow up test to TVMDL’s Pesticide Screen; Pesticide Quantitation measures pesticides previously identified by Pesticide Screen test. Measurement is performed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
Specimen: One or more of the following: 30 g GI content, 10 g bait (source material), 40 g forage or hay, 20 g liver, 10 g crop contents, environmental samples (swabs).
|Methicillin-Resistant Staph Confirmation (Culture)||
Determination of methicillin-resistance on Staphylococcus isolates by culture.
Pure Staphylococcus species isolate
|Urolith Composition (FTIR)||
Determination of the chemical composition of uroliths by fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy.
Specimen: Clean, dry uroliths
|Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine||$28.00||Details|
|Bone Density (Gravimetric)||
Measurement of calcium to phosphorous ratio to determine bone density.
Specimen: 2 inch section of mid femur or humerus bone, minimum 10 g
|Bovine, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Feline, Ovine, Porcine||$55.00||Details|
|Leptospira Panel – 5 Serovars @ 1:400 Dilution (MAT)||
Detection of antibodies to 5 serovars of leptospira by quantitative microscopic agglutination test. Targets include pomona, ictero., canicola, grippo., and hardjo. Beginning screen is 1:400. Individual serovars are also available at $7.00 per serovar.
Specimen: 1 mL serum
|Leptospira Panel – 8 Serovars (MAT)||
Detection of antibodies to 8 serovars of leptospira by quantitative microscopic agglutination test. Targets include pomona, ictero., canicola, grippo., hardjo, bratislava, autumnalis, and sejroe. Individual serovars are also available at $5.00 per serovar.
Specimen: 1 mL serum
|Campylobacter fetus Differentiation (rtPCR)||
Differentiation of Campylobacter fetus subsp fetus and Campylobacter fetus subsp venerealis by real time PCR.
Specimen: One or more of the following: bacterial culture, 1 g fresh tissue (fetus, placenta, lung), 1-2 mL stomach contents, 1-2 mL preputial wash, 1-2 mL cervical swab, 1-2 mL uterine wash, 1-2 g feces.
|Bovine, Caprine, Ovine||$25.00||Details|
|Cytology – Body Fluid||
Cytologic evaluation of cells from fluid samples. Includes gross examination, total protein concentration, cell counts (with EDTA and non-flocculent samples), preparation of direct, concentrated and cytocentrifuge slides (where indicated), and microscopic evaluation by a clinical pathologist.
Specimen: 0.5 mL body fluid and air-dried slides
|Bluetongue Virus (cELISA)||
Detection of antibodies to bluetongue virus by competitive ELISA.
Specimen: 1 mL serum
|Bovine, Caprine, Cervid, Ovine||$8.00||Details|
|Urine Crystal Identification||
Microscopic identification of urinary crystals.
Specimen: 3 mL urine
|Bovine, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Rodent||$8.00||Details|
|Vesicular Stomatitis Virus New Jersey Strain (VN)||
Detection of antibodies to the New Jersey strain of vesicular stomatitis virus (VS NJ) by virus neutralization. Performed at a starting dilution of 1:8.
Specimen: 1 mL serum
|Parasite & Ova Identification (Fecal Flotation)||
Identification of parasite eggs, cysts, and oocysts by fecal flotation.
Specimen: 3-5 g feces
|Calf Diarrhea Multiplex (rtPCR)||
Detection of the most common viral and protozoal causes of diarrhea in calves 60 days of age and younger. Includes bovine coronavirus, bovine rotavirus A, and cryptosporidium, all by real time PCR.
One or more of the following: 5-10 g (approx. 1/4 cup) feces, 1-2 mL intestinal contents, 1-2 g gastrointestinal tissue.
|Trichomonas – Bovine Regulatory (Culture)||
Detection of Trichomonas foetus in bovine by culture. This test is for regulatory purposes, including sale and movement.
Specimen: Smegma or prepucial wash
|Rabies Virus (FA) [Referral]||
Detection of antigen to rabies virus by fluorescent antibody test.
Specimen: Fresh brain (all animals) or entire head (small animals only)
|Bovine, Camelid, Canine, Caprine, Cervid, Equine, Exotic, Feline, Ovine, Porcine, Rodent||$0.00||Details|
|Lepto. autumnalis @ 1:400 Dilution (MAT)||
Detection of antibodies to lepto. autumnalis using the quantitative microscopic agglutination test. Beginning screen is 1:400.
Specimen: 1 mL serum